…because copying someone else’s work is a theft, whereas copying the work of many people at the same time is a research.
I have based the chronological classification of the Italian stamps upon the following catalogue:
Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano, Edizione 2008-2009, Ascat.
I have also consulted:
SASSONE, Catalogo completo dei francobolli d’Italia e Paesi Italiani, vol 1°, ed.2002
SASSONE, Catalogo completo dei francobolli d’Italia e Paesi Italiani, vol 2°, ed. 1999
UNIFICATO 2001 Area Italiana, 27a edizione, C.I.F.
I have based the classification of the postal objects according to the following catalogue:
Catalogo Unificato di Storia Postale, edizione 2011-2013, Terzo volume “Servizio Corrispondenze Repubblica Italiana”.
In the first years of the Italian Republic it was still possible to use stamps and postal stationeries which were issued during the last phases of Kingdom of Italy (Repubblica Sociale Italiana in the North and Kingdom of Italy in the South, with Umberto II of Italy acting as Lieutenant General of the Realm until May 1946 and then as a King of Italy for one month only). References for these objects were found in the following catalogue: Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano 1997/98 – Repubblica Sociale Italiana, Regno del Sud, Luogotenenza, Occupazioni Straniere, Emissioni Autonome, CLN – CEI, 1997.
POSTAL OBJECTS AND TARIFFS
In the page dedicated to the basic fare cover letter and in the one dedicated to postcards sent within Italy there is a comparison between the tariffs reported in the above mentioned Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano, Edizione 2008-2009 and Catalogo Unificato di Storia Postale and the tarifs indicated by other sources, in paarticular:
Bruno Crevato-Selvaggi (edited by) “La Repubblica Italiana”, Poste Italiane 2003, chapter “Le Poste – Ordinamento e Tariffe”
Carobene, Gabbini, Macrelli “AICPM 1974-2004 Storia dell’Associazione e tariffe postali italiane 1963 – 2000”, AICPM 2005
Anyway: four sources, four different versions. I had to make some assumptions and to draw some conclusions in order to match information sometimes complementary sometimes opposed. The process is described in the footnotes of relevant pages.
In the page dedicated to Corriere Prioritario, the service which replaced in 1999 the basic fare cover letter, there is a sub-page dedicated to the first ground-breaking tests, with relevant examples: information comes from above mentioned Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano, Edizione 2008-2009
In the page dedicated to the 5 lire Avvento della Repubblica and in the one dedicated to Justice Administration Documents I mention a special rate for registering the acknowledgement of receipt. This tariff is described in the Catalogo Unificato di Storia Postale 2011-2013 only.
In the page dedicate to the 20 lire value of Italy at Work series there is a postcard sent to the Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste. The book Franco Filanci “Trieste – Tra alleati e pretendenti”, ed. Poste Italiane shows how, since the end of 1945, it was possible to send postal object to the Zone B at the same rate that was used for the rest of Italy. More info about the Free Territory of Trieste can be found in relevant Wikipedia page.
The reduced fares for sending objects to enlisted Armed Force personnel (only privates, corporals and corporal majors, not sub-officers or officers) are explained in the above mentioned Catalogo Unificato di Storia Postale 2011-2013, which describes the content of 1973 Postal Code (Decree of the President of the Republic n. 156 dated March 19 1973, consulted in the Italian version on this URL in March 2018). The Catalogo Unificato also explains that the rules were the same also in the previous editions of the Postal Code. This subject is mentioned in the page dedicated to 30 lire stamp of the Coin of Syracuse series, where there is a letter (full fare correctly applied) which was sent to a Sergeant Major. An explanation about Italian Army ranks can be found in this Wikipedia page. Rules and dates for the reduced fare objects can also be found in the relevant page.
The Air Mail Tariffs for each different country of the world during the 60’s are described in Danilo Bogoni “Michelangelo – Un affresco postale”, Poste Italiane, 1995. Some information about the air mail transportation from Itali to foreign countries after the end of WWII can be found in an article written by Costantino Gironi “La riattivazione del servizio postale aereo con i paesi extra europei dopo la Seconda Guerra Mondiale” (re-staring air mail service with extra European countries after World War II) published in the site Il Postalista.
The validity of the express delivery stamps and the rules for franking the objects (and for applying taxations, if necessary) are described in Franco Filanci e Costantino Romiti “Espresso e anche un po’ urgente” Poste Italiane, without year.
In the page dedicated to postcards sent within Italy I mention the possibility of sending a card which is bigger than the actual postcard, provided that extra part is folded and stapled, so the object is eventually as big as a normal postcard. This possibility is described in the Catalogo Unificato di Storia Postale 2011-2013 which is making reference to the Italian 1936 Postal Code, consulted at this address (URL visited in September 2017, only Italian version available).
In the page dedicated to Democratic Series 10 lire grey stamp, validity is described according to F. Filanci, D. Bogoni La serie della ricostruzione – Democratica, Poste Italiane, seconda edizione del marzo 1995
For the page dedicated to Syracuse Coin 10 lire winged wheel postmark, fluorescent version, I found some material in: F. Filanci, D. Bogoni, E. Angellieri, F. Luperi, A. Malvestio, M. Manelli La Siracusana – La variante infinita, Poste Italiane, 1995.
In the pages dedicated to Michelangelo’s paintings series, I mention Danilo Bogoni Michelangelo – Un affresco postale, Poste Italiane, 1995 who described the complicated story of stamps validity and who listed the portrayed characters, all coming from Sistine Chapel paintings.
In the page dedicated to Italian Castles Series 50 lire stamp with the “IPZS ROMA 1980” variety I mention Danilo Bogoni, Castelli – Un baluardo postale, Poste Italiane, 1999. I consulted this book for providing information about the printing method, whereas the given dates for possible first use are outdated. In fact Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano, Edizione 2008-2009 stated that this stamp was found in documents dated December 1990, whereas in Bogoni’s book the first use is said to be in Summer 1991. A commemorative postcard dated December 14th 1990 belongs to my collection, it is the same document mentioned by CEI Catalogue.
I have consulted J.P. Mangin, Guide Mondial des Timbres Erronés, Yvert&Tellier, 1999. In the page dedicated to 20 lire Salone dell’Automobile 1950 Mangin identify remarks a mistake in the representation of the subject. In the page dedicated to 25 lire educazione stradale 1957, on the contrary, I demonstrate how Mangin calls wrong (so wrong to put this stamp in the cover of his book!) a stamp which was absolutely correct at the moment of issue.
POTMARKS, HANDSTAMPS, CANCELLATIONS
In the page dedicated to temporary post offices I mention:
Luigi Ruggero Cataldi “La Posta va in vacanza“, rivista Storie di Posta n° 12, novembre 2015, pagg. 48-55, edizioni Unificato;
Bruno Crevato-Selvaggi (edited by) “La Repubblica Italiana“, Poste Italiane 2003, chapter “Le Poste – Ordinamento e Tariffe” and chapter “Catalogo dei bolli italiani dei servizi distaccati 1944-1950”
In the page dedicated to the postman’s handstamp with the number of the town district I mention:
Luigi Ruggero Cataldi “Pregate i vostri corrispondenti“, rivista Storie di Posta n° 9, maggio 2014, pagg. 27-35, edizioni Unificato.
In the page dedicated to mute cancellations, I took some information from Filanci & Angelleri, Unificato di Storia Postale 1995/96 Seconda Edizione, CIF.
In the page dedicated to Avviamento Celere service (faster make-ready, with letter boxes mounted on city tramways) I mention the website “Il Postalista“, in which an article by Marino Bignami is published. (URL consulted in October 2017).
In the page dedicated to the so-called fraction hadstamps some general information are coming from Riccardo Bodo “La strana storia degli annulli frazionari“, L’Arte del Francobollo n° 35, aprile 2014, edizioni Unificato. I also mention the site www.lafilatelia.it because its annexed Forum hosts the so-called “Research Laboratory for Fraction Handstamps” to which I have given my small contribution.
In the page dedicated to 750 lire Denmark of the 1993 miniature sheet Benvenuta Europa (Welcome Europe) there is an object which was not initially delivered to the addressee due to a wrong automatic reading of the ZIP code and the consequent printing of a wrong barcode. All this happened in France, so I make reference to the French barcode rules, which are explained in this wikipedia page (URL consulted in October 2017; English translation unavailable).
For the Italian codes information are in the chapter “La meccanizzazione postale” di Giorgio Chianetta, in the already mentioned “La Repubblica Italiana” edited by Bruno Crevato-Selvaggi, Roma 2003.
In the page dedicated to postal censorship (it rarely happened in some particular occasions during the Republican period as well) I mention:
Bruno Crevato-Selvaggi, 1954 il servizio postale ritorna all’Italia – 1918-1954 pagine di storia postale triestina, Poste Italiane 2004
Franco Filanci, Il Novellario, enciclatalogo della Posta in Italia, Volume IV “Da una Repubblica all’altra 1943-1948”, edizioni Unificato.
The English version of the site is based on Roy Dehn “Dictionary of English ad Italian Philatelic Terms – Dizionari Italiano Inglese di Termini Filatelici“, seconda edizione, Vaccari 2004.